Because creation and redemption are inseparable, God’s decision to create is one with his choice to perfect creation. His providential love is identical with his continued act of creatio ex nihilo; therefore creatio ex nihilo ensures universal salvation. There is no additional act added to the act of creation. And, consequently, without God’s providential act of apokatastasis nothing would exist at all. In short, the restoration of all things is the creation of all things.